2. 流產或胎兒出生缺陷(Birth defects)
Hello Health Group 並不提供醫療建議、診斷或治療。
Men smoke to have fun, but for stressed-out women, it’s all about preserving inner calm. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2292606/Men-smoke-fun-stressed-women-preserving-inner-calm.html Accessed February 23, 2017.
Smoking Peer Pressure Facts. http://www.livestrong.com/article/245384-smoking-peer-pressure-facts/ Accessed February 23, 2017.
21st-Century Hazards of Smoking and Benefits of Cessation in the United States. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa1211128#t=articleTop Accessed February 23, 2017.
Why is smoking more harmful for women? http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/health-fitness/health/why-is-smoking-more-harmful-for-women/articleshow/11399148.cms Accessed February 23, 2017.